The chilly and windy days of winter months tend to make your scalp dry, flaky, scaly, and itchy. This is nothing but the problem of dandruff. The problem of dandruff can be more severe during the winter months and mildest during the summer. Dandruff affects the quality of your hair, and also causes social embarrassment.
Some of the symptoms of dandruff are itchy scalp and visible white flakes of dry dead skin. People mostly suffer from dandruff during the winter months due to cold dry air outside, as well as the warm dry air indoors, which is caused by many heating systems. Also regular use of hats during the winter days can aggravate the problem. This happens as hats and woolen caps impede air circulation around the scalp, which can dry out the skin or cause excessive oil build up on the scalp.
Some other causes of dandruff are:
- Hormonal Imbalance
- Not enough hair brushing
- Indoor heating system
- Allergic reaction
- Dry skin
- Not enough shampooing
- Certain skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema
- Some illnesses like Parkinson’s disease
- Use of wrong hair care products
- Improper diet plan
- Too much of mental stress
You should consider two factors for treating dandruff – your age and the severity of your dandruff. Also your aim should be to stop the dandruff by slowing down the reproduction of skin cells, and counteract the yeast production that might be the cause behind dandruff.
Here are some tips to control dandruff:
- Regular hair wash is highly essential to keep your scalp free of dandruff. For washing your hair try to dandruff shampoo and massage your scalp gently when washing. Leave the shampoo on your head for a few minutes before rinsing it with cold water. Do this every alternate day until the white flakes are totally under control.
- When buying a dandruff shampoo, try to choose one that contains different active ingredients to inhibit dandruff. For instance ingredients like coal tar, zinc pyrithione, selenium sulphide, ketoconazole and salicylic acids can slow down the rate at which dead skin cells on the scalp are shed. If the shampoo chosen by you causes irritation, stop using it immediately and look for another one.
- During the winter days, it is highly advisable to use a humidifier at home. Humidifier will reduce the dryness level in the environment and will put moisture back into the air. When using a humidified do not forget to clean and dry your humidifier regularly or else it can hamper your health.
- If you have dandruff, then you must take a close look at your diet plan. It has been found that diet rich in zinc, B vitamins and certain fats can control dandruff to a great extent. Try to eat more cold-water fish, flax seeds, walnuts, eggs and leafy green vegetables. It is also recommended to avoid dairy products.
- Hair styling products can aggravate the problem of dandruff. This is why you not to avoid the use of hair styling products completely or at least limit it.
- Too much stress in life can exacerbate dandruff. So, learn how to manage stressful situations by practicing yoga, meditating, or listening to soft music.
- Taking a head bath two to three times in a week can also control dandruff to some extent. This happens because head bath involve a bit of a head massage, which in turn disturbs the natural habitat of dandruff and hence controls it. When taking a head bath avoid using too hot water.
- As dandruff is a kind of fungal infection it can be contagious. This is why it is recommended not to share combs, brushes and towels with people who may suffer from dandruff.
- To keep dandruff under control you can try many simple and easy home remedies. For instance, products like of tea tree oil, lemon, green tea, yogurt etc have the potential for the treatment of dandruff. To know about some popular home remedies for dandruff, you can visit www.top10homeremedies.com
If after several weeks of treating yourself you still have dandruff, you should consider seeing a doctor or a dermatologist.